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Home > Russian Arms > Sabres: The Navy Officers' Pattern 1855 and 1855/1914 Sabre

Russian Arms

Sabres: The Navy Officers' Pattern 1855 and 1855/1914 Sabre (Fig. 51, 52, 53)

The blade is steel, straight, single-edged, fullerless. The blade's back widens out into a pipe back transformed into a rib in the blade's third part close to the tip, extending to the spear-point. In the third part nearest the tip the blade is double-edged and slightly widened out.

The hilt comprises a pommeled grip and a guard. The grip is wood, covered in leather, traversed with cross-wise grooves, bound in the grooves with twisted wire. The grip's back is surmounted by a metal back-piece. The grip's pommel is ball-shaped. The guard comprises a knuckle bow, two side bars, branching off it and the cross-guard, accepting the arched-out side bows, attached to it. The cross-guard piece is surmounted on either side with sexagonal flat ecussions. The quillon tip is slightly curled down and rounded. Since 1914 the metal back-piece, riding on top of the grip was embossed in its upper part with a floral pattern and the cypher of the Emperor, whose reign made the weapon owner's first commissioned rank possible. The scabbard is wood, covered in leather. The metal mount features a mouth-piece, a broad band and a chape, ending in a shoe. The locket and the band are fitted with loose rings to take the belt suspension's straps. All the hilt's metal parts are gilt - as are scabbard's too.

Overall length is about 950 mm, the blade's length - about 800 mm, the blade's width - about 30 mm, the mass - downwards of 1,300 gr. In 1855 this pattern came in to replace the navy officers' Navy officers' Pattern 1811 sabre. In 1858 a sabre with the same hilt, but featuring a seaman's (boarding) pattern 1856 cutlass blade was made regulation to the boatswains and Navy sergeant majors.

In 1906 the officers' sabre was given all the conductors and first and second court of request Marine department personnel, serving extra time, to carry as regulation.

In 1914 the Navy officers' sabre replaced the aviation and air navigation units officers' dragoon shashka's ( shasqua's) .

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