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Home > Russian Arms > Sabres: The Light Cavalry Pattern 1809 Sabre

Russian Arms

Sabres: The Light Cavalry Pattern 1809 Sabre (Fig. 34, 35 )

The blade is steel, curved, single-edged, featuring one wide fuller.

The hilt comprises a grip and a guard. The grip is wood, covered in leather, featuring transverse grooves, bound in the grooves with twisted wire. The grip's back is covered by a metal back piece, extending to the pommel. The guard is made up by a cross-guard piece and three bars - the knuckle bow and two side bars, branching off the knuckle bow and arching till they go right into the cross-guard. The knuckle bow leaves the cross-guard at a right angle. The quillon's tip is rolled and slightly curled downwards.

The scabbard is steel, fitted with two (loose) rings to take the belt suspension's straps. The rings were either fixed to the scabbard proper (Fig.34) or to the scabbard bands. Not uncommon were also scabbards featuring slit metal mounts, similar to the light cavalry pattern 1798 sabre's scabbard.

The overall length was about 1,030 mm the blade's length was about 880 mm, the blade's width downwards of 30 mm, the blade's curvature averaging 70/365 mm, the mass - about 1900 gr

It was adopted to replace the light cavalry pattern 1798 sabre for hussars. Life (Guard's) Cossacks and dragoons of the Caucasian inspection in 1809, lancers (uhlans) in 1812 and in 1814 it supplanted the mounted artillery's broadswords.

In 1817 all but the hussars and the lancers (uhlans) were stripped of this weapon in favour of the cavalry pattern 1817 sabre, and in 1819 a similar replacement was effected in the hussar and lancer (uhlan) regiments.

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